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Top 5 Roman Technological Innovations

Even though most people may not realize it, many of the major modern technological inventions can be traced back to Roman civilization. According to the history books, Ancient Rome is known for a vast amount of the most popular and useful inventions that have shaped the world as we know it today. Since the possibilities during these times appeared to be endless, these insightful inventors had a knack for revolutionizing the world around them. Therefore, some of these innovations were responsible for simplifying processes, while also removing barriers that kept advancements from being made. In fact, when people research Ancient Roman history, they may find that the most prominent inventors were given credit for a wide variety of different innovations including those that are impacting the direction in which technology is taking in the near future. With that being said, this article will discuss facts that surround at least 10 ancient Roman inventions that has had a significant impact on engineering as well as other innovations, specifically as they relate to the contemporary period in civilization.

5. Roman Aqueducts


Public toilets, underground sewerage systems, ornate public baths, fountains and other amenities can be contributed to the invention of the Roman Aqueduct. Developed around 312 B.C, ancient Romans were responsible for the spark that lit public health and sanitation systems for countries all over the globe. This is because engineers back in this time were sophisticated enough to liberate Roman cities from having to relying on nearby water supplies. While these engineers are not given credit for the most primitive canals and irrigation systems, it is important to note that their major contributions were in the mastery of these engineering process. Specifically, because their water and sewage system designs allowed the water to be transported to as much as 60 miles away. In fact, because the technology was so far ahead of its time, some of these well built Aqueducts are still in use today. For instance, the Aqua Virgo is a water resource for the popular Trevi Fountain.

4. Roman Concrete


In addition to the invention of Aqueducts, Ancient Roman engineers are also given credit for their work in a number of different other areas. Some of the more notable include the Roman Forum, the Colosseum and the Pantheon. Also, in order to build these structures, engineers needed a lot of cement and concrete, which is also a part of the innovations that were made during these times. Firtjer, even though it has been over 2100 years, today’s societies are using these mixtures for a number of different purposes including building monuments, buildings, and bridges. While the concrete mixtures were significantly different from those that are used today, people were still able to use pozzolana (volcanic ash and slaked lime) to put up structures that lasted for long periods of time. The mixture that they used were also durable enough to last through submersion’s like seawater, building elaborate harbors and piers that could last for long periods of time.

3. Roman Surgical Tools


Ancient roman inventors were also busy in the area of medicine and surgery since they are responsible for developing various kinds of surgical tools and medical techniques. Since these inventors were being heavily influenced by Ancient Greeks, they begin to go the extra mile in utilizing all of the tools that they had available. For instance, surgical tools were made specifically for cesarean sections. People were also using these surgical tools to the best benefit of many hospitals, inside and outside of traditional medical settings. This is one of the main reasons why these tools were used by military medical corps in order to help the soldiers who were in battle. Saving thousands of lives, the designs that they used back in that era minimized blood loss since they were mastering medical innovations. For instance, many medical staffs are using the tools that they developed. Some of the more commonly known include forceps, bronze scalpels, bone drills, vaginal spectrum, obstetrical hooks and the like. In these early days, ancient Romans were also credited with one of the earliest forms of surgical antiseptics.

2. Roman Books


Most people are familiar with names like Julius Caesar since he is a commonly known historian who gave the world artwork in the form of literature. As an Ancient Roman historian, he and other Romans were also noted for the communications vehicles that he used to produce their work. From unwieldy clay tablets and scrolls to the one of the earliest versions of codex that was used to create the primitive notebook via the stacking of pages (i.e. animal skin and bound wax tablets), this technology is known for being used extensively for the mass production of the bible.

1. Roman Roads


Covering most of the Southern Europe, the Roman Empire at its height, was also recorded for the present sophistication of today’ roads and highways. Some of which still exist today. With 1.7 million square miles to manage, engineers built Roman roads that were made of a diversity of materials in its construction including brick, dirt, gravel, granite or harden lava from volcanoes. As history will tell it, these highways were initially meant for the military to travel in their quest to main control over this area. When these roads were laid, it is also gave people additional access to sending intelligence messages at astonishing rapid speeds.


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Rick Mac
Student and author of History. The study of History is the beginning of wisdom.

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